How Long Do Ducks Live?

How Long Do Ducks Live? Lifespan, Data & Care

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Ducks, on average, live up to ten years, but smaller breeds like bantam ducks may reach 12 to 15 years, while larger breeds like Pekin ducks typically have a lifespan of 9 to 12 years. “how long do ducks live?” Ducks, known for their resilience, thrive in diverse environments, particularly in the challenging conditions of the northern hemisphere.

Factors like harsh winters and competition influence their survival in the wild, prompting questions about their typical lifespan and whether ducks raised in homes enjoy longer lives.

What was the oldest known duck?

As of January 2022, when I last updated my knowledge, details of the oldest known individual duck are unknown. Duck lifespans might differ according to species, habitat, and care. In general, wild ducks live shorter lives than their captive counterparts.

The actual age of the oldest duck is difficult to determine since records of a duck’s lifespan may not be very good. Check recent sources or wildlife records for the most precise and current information.

Which duck breed lives the longest?

Several feathered champions with amazing achievements are competitors for the title of longest longevity among duck breeds! Here are some noteworthy examples:

The Blue-winged Teal:

As of right now, this little migratory duck has the longest proven lifetime of any breed of duck. An amazing 23 years and 3 months after being banded in Saskatchewan, a Blue-winged Teal was found in Cuba!

The Mallard: 

This common duck, which is frequently spotted in ponds and parks, has a remarkably lengthy lifespan. The male drake who lived for 26 years and 4 months was the oldest Mallard ever documented!

The Redhead: 

These graceful diving ducks are distinguished by their lengthy lifespans and characteristic redheads. The oldest Redhead ever documented was 22 years and 7 months old.

The Wood Duck:

These stunning ducks with vibrant plumage have a long lifespan as well. The oldest Wood Duck ever documented was 22 years and 6 months old.

It is noteworthy that many ducks survive considerably longer in the wild; these are only the records that have been officially reported. Numerous factors, including heredity, nutrition, habitat, and predator avoidance, can affect a duck’s lifetime.

How Long Do Ducks Live? Duck lifespans by breed

This table shows the lifespans of a few well-known and intriguing breeds of ducks:

BreedAverage Lifespan (Years)Maximum Recorded Lifespan (Years)Interesting Facts
Blue-winged Teal5-823 (Current record holder!)Smallest duck in North America, known for long migrations.
Mallard8-1226Familiar pond resident, adaptable and widespread.
Redhead10-1522Familiar pond resident, adaptable, and widespread.
Wood Duck10-1522Vibrant plumage with iridescent greens and blues, skilled climbers.
Muscovy Duck8-1218Large, crested duck with a quiet temperament, often kept as pets.
Khaki Campbell Duck8-1216Prolific egg layer, prized for its calm personality and cold hardiness.
Indian Runner Duck8-1215Unique upright posture and energetic foraging behavior, good pest control.
Pekin Duck8-1214Popular white duck breed, calm and friendly, used for meat and eggs.
Call Duck8-1213Elegant diving duck with distinctive red head, and excellent underwater vision.

Ducks Eggs

As an alternative to chicken eggs, duck eggs are tasty and more versatile due to their greater size and richer yolk. Duck eggs are highly valued in culinary applications due to their nutrient-dense profile, diverse range of shell colors, and unique flavor that comes through in baking and cooking.

How long do Pekin (white) ducks live?

Pekin ducks, sometimes referred to as white ducks, typically have a lifespan of five to ten years. According to some owners, Pekins may live up to 20 years. However, it appears that five to ten is the usual range.

It should be noted that some people call Pekin ducks “yellow ducks” because of the yellow coloration they have as newborn ducklings, which gradually turn white as they age. Since yellow and white ducks are the same bird, their life cycles are identical.

How long do Indian Runner ducks live?

Indian runner ducks that have been domesticated can live up to 12 years. It usually ranges from eight to twelve years old on average. In nature, life spans are significantly reduced. The usual lifespan of a wild Indian Runner duck is about one or two years.

How long do call ducks live?

Call ducks may live up to 13 years of joyous swimming and soft quacking, while most only live 8 to 12 years. A pond full of healthy food, a secure place to hide, and protection from foxes are essential to their longevity, but with tender care, your feathery companion may live longer than the typical duck!

How long do Khaki Campbell ducks live?

It has been stated that Khaki Campbell ducks can live up to 15 years. Nevertheless, among the owners we spoke with, 8 to 10 years seems to be the most typical.

How long do mallard ducks live?

A mallard duck has an approximate lifetime of five to ten years. But in the wild, a variety of circumstances, including as sickness, environmental factors, and predators, can affect how long they live. Because some natural hazards are absent, mallard ducks maintained in captivity—such as those in wildlife reserves or domestic settings—may occasionally live longer.

It’s crucial to remember that people’s lifespans might differ.

Factors that affect how long a duck lives (on a homestead)

The length of time a duck spends on a property depends on several things. Care and attention may make a big difference in extending the longevity of your ducks, even though every farm is unique. Here are several frequent locations where this can happen.

Duck housing

Duck housing is essential to maintaining these waterfowl’s health and well-being. A perfect duck shelter offers a safe refuge from inclement weather, shielding ducks from wind, rain, and very high or low temperatures.

The shelter should be roomy enough to accommodate ducks’ natural movements both inside and outside, enabling them to engage in activities like washing and foraging. A comfortable place to slumber is enhanced with sufficient bedding, such as wood shavings or straws.

To preserve air quality and avoid respiratory problems, ventilation is essential. Straw-filled nesting boxes protect eggs and provide broody chickens with a cozy place to live. They are used by laying ducks. A dedicated feeding area with covered feeders and access to clean water for washing and drinking are necessary elements.

Ducks are protected from possible attacks by security elements such as predator-proof fences, locks, and durable materials. Frequent upkeep and cleaning keep garbage from piling up and encourage a clean atmosphere.

Natural light is also beneficial to ducks, and enriching their surroundings with features like shallow ponds and items to explore improves their quality of life in general. In the end, a well-designed duck house takes into account the breed-specific requirements, the temperature of the area, and the intended usage, which may include backyard chickens, commercial production, or beloved pets.

Duck nutrition

Dive Into Duck Nutrition:

An Embellished Banquet of Knowledge Although duck eggs and meat provide a distinctive flavor to any diet, what about their nutritional makeup? Let’s investigate the contributions that these feathery companions can provide as we go into the pond of ducky goodness:

Duck Fat:

High in protein: Raked duck breast has around 23 grams of protein in a 3-ounce portion, which makes it a great option for gaining and preserving muscle mass.

healthy fats:

When ingested in moderation, duck meat has a healthy amount of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, which may support heart health. Duck is high in omega-3 fatty acids, especially DHA, which may be beneficial to the health of the eyes and brain.


Protein is essential for the formation of feathers, growth, and egg production. When it comes to food, ducklings need more protein (18–22%) than adult ducks do.

Seeds and Grains:

A duck’s diet can include seeds like sunflower seeds and grains like maize, barley, and wheat to supply its energy.

Greens and Vegetables.

A wide range of veggies and greens, including lettuce, carrots, peas, and leafy greens, are beneficial to ducks. These supply vital minerals and vitamins.

Invertebrates and Insects:

Since ducks are primarily foragers, incorporating worms, insects, and other invertebrates into their diet can help them have a more balanced diet.


For ducks to have robust eggshells, calcium is essential. Crushed eggshells, oyster shells, and commercially accessible calcium supplements are examples of calcium sources.

Minerals and Vitamins:

For general health, ducks require a well-balanced combination of vitamins and minerals. These vital elements are typically included in commercial feed formulations.

Steer clear of toxic foods:

It is not advisable to feed poisonous substances to ducks, such as chocolate, coffee, or some plants. Sugary and salty meals should also be consumed in moderation.

Open-Air Gathering:

Giving ducks the freedom to roam about and hunt for organic food sources like plants and insects can help them maintain a varied and well-rounded diet.

Duck wellbeing

Like other animals, ducks have needs that go much beyond just having access to food, water, and shelter. And it implies that you must preserve the overall well-being of your ducks as their owner.

Naturally, the most important thing is to keep your ducks nourished and protected but to improve their general quality of life, they should also have access to different habitats and other ducks for socialization. Your ducks would probably keep themselves busy all day pretty happily if you let them go free.

However, if you keep ducks in a tractor or coop, be careful to move them around frequently. This improves their general health and happiness by providing them with access to fresh grass as well as a change of scenery.

Veterinary treatment is a part of well-being as well. Naturally, the best ways to make sure your ducks live a long life are to do routine flock examinations and to respond quickly to any medical issues, no matter how little. Additionally, you may purchase natural vitamins to add to food and water to help fend off illnesses and diseases that could shorten the lives of your ducks.

General Rule of Thumb for Duck Lifespan:

Duck lifespans are generally determined by a basic rule of thumb.
Larger breeds live shorter lives, usually spanning five to seven years.

Most Frequently Asked Questions!

1. What is the average lifespan of a duck?

Ducks may live up to ten years on average. Individual lifespans, however, can differ according on species, size, and environment.

2. Do different duck breeds have different lifespans?

Yes, different breeds of ducks have variable life spans. Larger types, like Pekin ducks, normally live 9 to 12 years, but smaller breeds, such as bantam ducks, can live up to 12 to 15 years.

3. Are there exceptions to the average lifespan of ducks?

A few individuals of the Muscovy duck breed can live up to 12 or 14 years, which is longer than the average lifetime of other duck breeds.

4. What factors influence the lifespan of ducks?

An assortment of factors, including size, genetics, nutrition, and living circumstances, influence how long a duck lives. Larger breeds often live shorter lives, however, longevity may be increased with good feeding and care.

5. How long do mallard ducks live?

The typical lifespan of mallard ducks, which are mostly found in the northern hemisphere, is five to ten years. Several environmental conditions and resource availability can affect how long they live.

6. Do domesticated ducks live longer than wild ducks?

Domesticated ducks may live longer because they are less likely to be preyed upon and have access to reliable food sources. But factors like breed and grooming regimen also affect how long they live.

7. What role does nutrition play in the lifespan of ducks?

The general health and lifespan of a duck depend heavily on proper diet. Their well-being is influenced by a balanced diet that includes commercial feeds, grains, vegetables, and clean water.

8. Can pet ducks live longer than ducks in the wild?

Compared to their wild counterparts, who must contend with natural obstacles and predators, pet ducks may live longer if given the right care, food, and habitat.

9. What are some tips for extending the lifespan of pet ducks?

Healthy food, frequent veterinarian treatment, a secure and pleasant home, and consideration for their social requirements can all help pet ducks live longer lives.

10. Are there specific considerations for different duck breeds in terms of lifespan?

Indeed, different kinds of ducks have distinctive traits that influence how long they live. Giving each breed the proper care for an extended and healthy life may be made easier by being aware of its unique demands and traits.

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